Aquila chrysaetos

Description

Golden eagles are so-called because of the gold-coloured feathers at the nape of their necks. In addition to their coloration, they can be identified by their feathered legs and a 6 foot (2 m) wingspan.
Length: 30 inches
Wingspan: 79 inches
Weight: 10 pounds (Females are larger than the males)

Nesting

They nest in trees or on cliffs, cave floors or sometimes inside a cavity in a giant sequoia tree. Usually lay two eggs (can be between one and four). Both parents incubate the eggs and lasts 43 to 45 days. They fledge the nest between 66 and 75 days.

Range

Golden eagles are mainly seen in the western part of North America but can be found in much of the world. In Northern America there are year-round populations in many of the western states. Around the Pacific Northwest they are not nearly as common as the bald eagle and other raptors. Primarily, you can find them inland away from the coastal areas, because of a very strong bald eagle presence.

Discussion

Golden eagles are true hunters, weighing about 10 pounds (4.5 kg). They eat jackrabbits and other small mammals. When other prey is not available they have also been known to kill coyotes, fox, and eat carrion. The golden eagle is so strong that they have been known to carry one-and-half times their own body weight, in flight.